Pain management, pain specialist, pain medication, pain control, back pain, postoperative or chronic pain, is a specialized division of general medicine which makes use of an interdisciplinary approach to ease the patient’s suffering and enhancing the quality of life of such patients. It includes the study of pain control, evaluating the pain, prescribing pain medications and other therapies, and rehabilitation. In recent times, many specialists have come up with different methods to deal with pain, especially in the emergency, acute care and postoperative settings. Some of the latest methods are described below.
Anesthesiology is the application of drugs for treating pain before surgery by qualified doctors or technicians. Generally, anesthesiology is divided into anesthesiological and non-invasive disciplines. There are two major branches of anesthesiology namely general anesthesia and local or area anesthetic. An anesthesiologist, therefore, can be either a nurse, physician in specialized institutions, surgeon, or an anesthesiologist associate.
Anesthesiology, on the other hand, is the application of drugs for inducing or masking pain for the purpose of clinical alteration. Anesthesiologists generally have a fulltime training as an attending physician and obtain a license after graduating from an approved anesthesiology program. Anesthesiology has gained much popularity in recent years as there have been several developments in the field, most significantly the development of pain management clinics. These clinics allow doctors to provide specialized services to their patients in exchange for a professional fee. For example, if a patient comes to a doctor who is an anesthesiologist but is interested in getting palliative care, he/she can make use of the clinic and pay a small amount of the fee, which would get him/her out of hospital and back home in a better condition.
Generally, pain management clinics are run by general practitioners, who are often referred to as family practitioners, general practitioners, or family medicine doctors. They usually have a large number of patients who come to them for various kinds of medical problems. Since they have a lot of patients to treat, and since they deal with different kinds of diseases and injuries, it is not uncommon for them to have multiple practices. This enables them to offer better services to all of their patients.
The first thing that a pain management specialist does is to carefully examine the condition of the patient. During this stage, the doctor will also establish the problem, and will try to find a cause. Once the doctor has established the problem, he/she will then prepare an intervention plan, depending on the nature of the pain problems the patient is suffering from.
This plan involves providing pain relief such as drug therapy, physical therapy, psychotherapy, lifestyle change, and alternative medicine. Alternative medicine is quite controversial, and many people do not believe in its effectiveness; however, there are some very effective alternative medicines that have been proven by clinical trials to provide pain relief. These medicines include acupuncture, acupressure, biofeedback, homeopathy, massage therapy, nutrition therapy, relaxation techniques, orthopedic surgery, and traditional Chinese medicine. These medicines are effective and can provide chronic pain relief.