How to Design the Ideal Mushroom Fruiting Chambers
A mushroom growing chamber is an enclosing room that farmers use to replicate the natural environment and conditions that various species of fungi would naturally grow in. Typically, a mushroom growing chamber creates conditions for fungi which will then cause them to begin producing mushrooms out of mycelium. To get this to happen the proper temperature must be maintained and moisture levels must also be kept at a constant. Other factors that play a role in how quickly fungi grow are light and heat exposure. This article will take a look at how these factors can affect the growth rate and yield of certain species of fungi.
Mushroom growers who grow a variety of species of fungi
will discover that there are many differences in optimum growing conditions. Some species of fungi grow best when grown in a completely dark and dry environment; others require a lot of sunlight while others prefer a cool moist environment. Mushroom growers need to determine the differences among their various species of fungi to create mushroom fruiting chambers where they can provide their plants with the best possible growing conditions.
Many mushrooms favor a high humidity environment
but some prefer a lower one. Typically, fungi grown in a high humidity environment begin to sprout more quickly and end up using more space than fungi grown in a low moisture environment. Many farmers create mushroom fruiting chambers which are then used to replicate the conditions of the natural environment where the species of fungi were originally found.
For example, a mushroom growing chamber might
be constructed in such a way as to create the perfect moisture and temperature for certain species of mushrooms. One species may require high humidity so the area must be completely sealed off and turned into a dark, moisture-free area. Another species may prefer a lower humidity so the area must be left slightly open. One of the main factors in determining the best design is determining how many mushrooms will be in the chamber at any given time. A good rule of thumb is to have at least five mushrooms per square foot in the main section of the chamber and three mushrooms per square foot in the side portions. If you are uncertain about the number of mushrooms that you should have per square foot, you can use the number of mushrooms that are listed on your packaging, if available.
Mushroom growing chambers
also must be designed to include a lighting system. Different varieties of mushrooms need different lighting to grow healthily. Most farmers utilize fluorescent lighting systems because these produce more light and produce the best results. However, mushroom growers also utilize MH lights because these produce red light and can also successfully grow many types of mushrooms. Proper lighting is essential to allow the fungi to grow to their maximum potential.
The temperature of the Mushroom Fruiting Chambers
must also be controlled. Certain species of mushrooms are sensitive to certain temperatures and cannot grow properly without the proper exposure to these temperatures. Mushroom farmers make every effort to mimic different species of natural conditions as closely as possible but natural conditions sometimes are much too extreme for some types of fungi. Mushroom growers need to monitor the temperatures of the Mushroom Fruiting Chambers constantly to keep the environment right for their mushrooms. Harvesting and storing mushrooms are an integral part of the mushroom growing process so proper temperature is a must when designing mushroom fruiting chambers.