Vitamins are a group of organic compounds that are important to the human body for the proper function of the metabolism. Vitamins are water-soluble vitamins and must pass through the digestive process before being absorbed. An electron molecule can only take one vitamin molecule with it as it leaves the body. Vitamins are found in many foods and most of the vitamins we obtain from food are only partially absorbed due to the high water solubility of vitamins.
A vitamin is a water-soluble vitamin that an organism requires in small amounts for the normal functioning of its biochemical processes. Most vitamins can be absorbed through the dietary system by eating the right foods and the appropriate vitamins. However, some vitamins are more easily absorbed than others and some vitamins, especially fat-soluble vitamins, are harder to absorb than others. Dietary vitamins are divided into two major categories: non-essential and essential vitamins. Essential vitamins are required by the body in adequate amounts, while non-essential vitamins are needed by the body in smaller amounts that are usually taken in supplement form.
Some vitamins are fat soluble and some are water soluble. Water-soluble vitamins include the following: A, D, E, K, B, C, beta carotene, folic acid, pantothenic acid, riboflavin, thiamine, folic bromide, magnesium, sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, vitamins A, C, B, D, and K. These vitamins are absorbed by the body very quickly. The body does not store these vitamins; instead, they are broken down inside the cells as new nutrients are needed. The main fat-soluble vitamins are in turn absorbed by the body in much larger doses than the water soluble vitamins. Because of this, they are used as a food source rather than being stored in the body.
The fat-soluble vitamins include folic acid, inositol, folic, biotin, folate, and riboflavin. Some research indicates that there is a reduction in cancer risk with the intake of these vitamins. These vitamins are found in many foods, but some are more important than others. For example, many foods have large amounts of both inositol and folate, but only inositol and folic acid are found in many foods, including whole grains, peas, carrots, cabbage, cauliflower, spinach, tomatoes, eggplant, salmon, bananas, legumes, cheese, mushrooms, milk, peanut butter, bread, cereals, cookies, crackers, and many other foods.
Many people get enough vitamins and minerals through diet, but some need supplements. The B vitamins are especially important for women because they are needed for the production of hormones, which are essential to the development of the female sex organs and the maintenance of the female body shape. Some birth control pills also contain folic acid and other vitamins and minerals. A healthy diet, exercise, and regular consumption of food rich in vitamins and minerals are all you need to get plenty of essential nutrients.
Vitamins and minerals play an important part in maintaining good health. We often take vitamins and minerals in supplement form to help us meet our daily nutritional requirements. However, sometimes the amount in a pill or powder may not be sufficient to meet your requirements. It is important to eat a balanced diet and take vitamins and minerals in their natural forms, as shown to provide the most benefits.